- Energy transition
- Safe and liveable delta
- Effects of mining
- Digital subsurface
The subsurface of the Netherlands is an accumulation of soil layers, each with its own specific characteristics and genesis. By systematically collecting and analysing data, we’re building up knowledge of the subsurface from ground level and the seabed to approximately six kilometres deep.
Wide range of areas
We use our knowledge to research and advise on topics such as sustainable energy, mineral extraction, water management, spatial planning, and infrastructure. The subsurface is increasingly being used for various purposes. We serve a wide range of policy areas and business sectors.
The researchers of the Geological Survey of the Netherlands (GDN) are continuously publishing their research results in various forms. You can find these publications via the TNO website and NLOG website, where technical publications and posters are stored in a RefShare database. We have selected a few of the many publications for you on this